Genoa is an important port city in northern Italy and the capital of Liguria. As an important ferry port on the Ligurian Sea, the headquarters of the maritime nation of the Genoese are still the starting point for ferry connections to the Tyrrhenian Sea, Sardinia, Sicily and Tunisia.
|Genoa, Genova (Italy),|
|tourist information web||www.comune.genova.it|
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Genoa was founded on the location of its port, which was the site of the Ligurian Sea and the port of Genoa. from the north, the Tyrrhenian Sea (west of the Italian "boot") dominated. The agglomeration stretches along the shores of the Gulf of Genoa and Genoa. on the southern slope of the Appenin, more than 35 km, two rivers are crossed by the urban area, Genoa forms the border between the western and eastern riviera and is the capital of the province of the same name in the Liguria region.
The harbor and the importance of being a commercial center led to the rise of the Genoese, who, in harmony with Pisa and Venice (in the Adriatic) dominated maritime trade in the Mediterranean for centuries in the Middle Ages and, with its integration into the industrial triangle of Milan - Turin - Genoa, is the closest sea access for the northern Italian region with its industry as well as for southern Switzerland.
excavations from the 4th and 5th centuries. and finds of merchandise testify to a settlement already among the Greeks, who had probably run a commercial branch here. After the destruction of the settlement by the Carthaginians in 205 B.C. It was soon rebuilt by the Romans and used as the headquarters for the campaign against the Ligurians, with Rome the city was opened by Via Aurelia and its continuation along the Riviera in Via Aemilia Scauri, with virtually nothing preserved from the Roman town-building activities and the existence of the city mainly secured by references from other sources.
After the fall of the reign of Rome, the city fell into the hands of the Herulers and the Byzantines and in the Longobards around 600 AD. Genoa was conquered and destroyed by the Saracens in around 935 AD, after the expulsion of the Saracens, Genoa joined Pisa in 1016 to fight the Muslim occupation of the island of Sardinia. The city participated in the first crusade and, with the establishment of commercial branches, it was established not only in Jaffa and Akko (San Giovanni d'Acri), Lebanon and Asia Minor, but also with the support of the Reconquista, the expulsion of Muslim rulers from Spain, and subsequently the establishment of commercial branches in Spain and North Africa as a colonial power throughout the Mediterranean.
With its extensive trading activities in Spain and support for the conquest of areas in North Africa and the Canary Islands, Genoa competed with its ally Pisa, and the warlike struggles ended with the disastrous low for Pisa in the battle of Meloria in 1284. In Genoa, a form of rule with a government was built by Capitani and later the Doges, the city had a vast network of possessions, some of which were lost in the eastern Mediterranean with the demise of the Ostrous Empire. Trade relations with Spain remained intense, so the Genoese sailor Christoph Columbus sailed west on behalf of the Spanish crown to discover a sea route across the west to India, the rest is history...
The Genoese city-state remained until the French Revolution of 1797, when the city was shortly to become capital of the short-lived Ligurian Republic to be integrated into the Kingdom of Sardinia; in the second half of the 19th century. Genoa was integrated into the Kingdom of the United Italy. With a blue eye, the city came away at the end of World War II, when the city was run by the German occupiers under the commander of the city G. Meinhold was not blown up as demanded by the German leadership, but was handed over to the partisans without a fight on April 23, 1945.
During the post-war period, the port city with its important commercial port experienced a boom. The decline of northern Italian industry has led to a significant decline in the population; During the 1992 Columbus celebrations, the Old Port was restored, the city was included in the World Heritage in 2004 and the Old Town in 2006.
The airport (IATA: GOA) is located on a peninsula that is artificially reopened 4 miles west of the city center; It is served by several European companies. The only direct flight from the German-speaking is operated daily by Air Dolomiti in the Code-Share with Lufthansa from and to Munich. There are also direct connections to London, Paris and Rome, but also to Sardinia and Sicily. Aeroporto di Genova-Sestri "Cristoforo Colombo"
Genoa has two major train stations, the main station and Genova Piazza Principe to the east of the city, where there are numerous local and regional trains. The Genova - Asti - Torino (Turin) lines as well as the Riviera from the country border in Ventimiglia via Genoa and further to La Spezia and Pisa. Genova Brignole
Local and regional trains run into the hinterland, it is worth noting that there is a narrow-gage connection from Genova Piazza Manin to Casella, which is only a few travelers will be able to travel to.
There are several bus companies that provide connections to the south of Italy, for example, Marinobus operates daily from Naples, Brindisi, Bari, Matera, etc.
On the street
Genoa can be easily reached from the German-speaking area by motor vehicle, for example in difficult road conditions in 5 hours from Zurich or 6 hours from Basel (assuming that the Gotthard can be crossed without traffic being congested), and in the case of heavy traffic, Genoa is reached in 2½ - 3 hours from the Swiss border at Chiasso.
The city is served by several toll motorways, and due to the construction on the mountainside, the traffic is carried around and through the city in numerous tunnels. The motorway "Sopraelevato Aldo Moro" is run as a viaduct along the old town, not a pleasure for the eye but a noticeable traffic discharge for the city center.
The A7 motorway leads from Milan Tangenziale Ovest (Westtangente) directly to the city center and the city center respectively. The motorway can be quickly reached to the ferry port, in the Po plain, and in the downhill winding sections through the Appenin with the tunnels up to the sea speed limits are 90 - 80 km/h.
The highway the old town is surrounded by the hinterland and the city center. through tunnels and along the Riviera to the south-east to La Spezia and further towards Pisa and Florence.
westward continue along the Riviera to the ferry port of Savona (Corsica connections), Ventimiglia, Monaco and Nice in France. A little west of Genoa leaves the coast and also crosses the Appennements towards Alessandria, the better developed road makes the mountain crossing easier for heavy vehicles and trucks to Milan and Turin. At Savona turn north towards Turin.
The effort to avoid motorway tolls on main roads can be very difficult: which runs parallel to the Riviera Coast and is, as mentioned above, partly run as a viaduct, which runs in approximately parallel to the motorway through the Appenin, it's curvy - in the villages through which traffic lights are controlled, there is a risk of traffic jams. The savings on approximately 15 euros of motorway tolls from the Swiss border hardly pay for this effort, at least not for those who have unreasonably opened the purse for the ferry ticket.
Passenger ferry services shall consist of:
- Corsica: Bastia with MobyLines daily
- Sardinia: Olbia with MobyLines, 1-2 times daily, Olbia with Tirrenia 5x/week
- Sardinia: Porto Torres with Grandi Navi Veloci, 3x/week, with Tirrenian daily
- Sardinia: Arbatax with Tirrenia, 2x/week
- Sicily: Palermo with Grandi Navi Veloci, daily; approximately 21 h
- Generally, the GNV "Suprema" and "Superba" high-speed ferries are used, dormitories with pullout seats, two-, three- and four-bed cabins, no "camping ob board" is available in the camper, dogs can be carried with you (kennel, especially. Rooms), bar and on-board restaurant, on the open sea mobile phone / SMS and internet access at an additional cost, arrival in Palermo at 19:00 - 21:00. The entrance to the underground garages on board is a bit unusual, it can even go down a ramp in reverse, with the rental motorhome you should have at least made some parking exercises, otherwise there is stress during the embarkation process under fluent Italian-speaking instructions. Check-in at the counter at the entrance to the port area with eTicket without any problems, check-in at the counter in the GNV office at Palermo when you return!
- Morocco: tanger with Grandi Navi Veloci, 2x/week; approximately 48 hours
- Tunisia: Tunis with Grandi Navi Veloci, 3x/week; approximately 24 hours
- Spain: Barcelona with Grandi Navi Veloci, 2x/week; approximately 19 hours
It is located between the Porto Antico and the ferry terminals. There is room for a dozen cruise ships in the harbor.
- Ponte Dei Mille, 1, 16126 Genova GE. Tel: . Stazione marittima di Genova,
An underground railway serves several stops along the long axis of Genoa, there is an extensive bus network and there are cogwheel railways and various lifts operated by the AMT transport companies to cope with the city's hills.
As part of the preparations for the Columbus celebrations and the 1992 Expo and the European Capital of Culture year, numerous old town buildings were renovated.
- the type is group name lighthouse, La Lanterna with its 76 meters height is the landmark of the city of Genoa. The current lighthouse was built in 1543 and renovated in 1956 after destruction in the Second World War. The turning beam shall be measured at a distance of 36 nautical miles (55 km) in good visibility conditions.
- The type Porto antico , the old port, which has been renovated during the World Exhibition in Genoa. It includes the aquarium, several museums and an extremely elaborate and clean waterfront promenade as well as an artificial rainforest biotope in a glass ball.
- If you're interested in ships and shipping, there's a lot to see in the harbor. Especially the old loading facilities, the old swimming crane "Langer Heinrich" of the former naval yard Wilhelmshaven and the luxury yachts next to it express the contrasts of the city. The 8.2 million pirate ship from the 1986 film "Pirates" by Roman Polanski is expected to attract younger visitors in particular. The 2000 tons of pride seaworthy monument has been in the harbor since then, like a relic of ancient times.
streets and squares
The Old Town and the 16th Century are worth seeing. the magnificent streets of Le Strade Nuove, 44.41087
The type is Via San Lorenzo with numerous restored palazzi to Piazza Giacomo Matteotti and the Piazza de Ferrari the well.
- Type is group name Cattedrale San Lorenzo: The Romanesque-Gothic cathedral rises in the Old Town, the construction of which began around 1100, in 1118 Pope Gelasius II's church was blessed, and in 1312 the façade was only finished after a fire. In the 15th century. refurbishment work was carried out on the roof of the main and side ships and the dome. The black and white striped masonry and the artful stone paintings on the façade are typical both inside and outside.
- The type stands Carignano. It Basilica of Maria Assunta from the 1 the.
castles, palaces and palaces
- the type Palazzo Ducale has long been the seat of the Doges in the center of the power of the Genoese, then served as a palace of justice and is used after restoration for cultural events This is where the G8 Summit was hosted in 2001 with S. Berlusconi.
- the type Palazzo Rosso with the collection of paintings based on the collection of the Countess of Galliera as a base.
- the , built in 1530/40 by Luca Grimaldi Palazzo Bianco also part of the Palazzi Museum conglomerate i Rolli.
- the third palazzo belonging to the "Palazzi dei Rolli" is the huge type built by Niccolò Grimaldi in 1565 Palazzo azzo Doria Tursi, which was founded in 1597 under G. A. Doria was expanded by two loggias.
- Piano di S. Andrea. Tel: , Fax: +39 010 246 53 46, e-mail: . Old town gate Porta Soprana,
- Acquario di Genova), Ponte Spinola - area Porto Antico, snc - Genova. Tel: , Fax: +39 010 25 61 60, e-mail: . Renovated in 1992, the Aquarium is one of the largest aquariums in Europe and is highly frequented, and the relatively narrow pools with the animals are also a real treat for the visitor. Aquarium (
- Galata - Museo del mare, Maritime Museum), Calata De Mari, 1 (Darsena - Via Gramsci). Marine Museum Galata (
- Museums of Strada Nuova. With the collection of paintings in the three "Palazzi dei Rolli".
- Via Balbi, 10. Tel: , Fax: +39 010 271 02 72, e-mail: . Palazzo Reale,
- Museum of Oriental Art
- Via Roma
- Via XX Settembre
- Mercato Orientale. Oriental market.
- The Pesto Genovese has a great reputation as a part of Italian cuisine
- Ristorante Da Vittorio , Via Sottoripa, 59R. Tel: . Right next to the aquarium in the harbor, it has a capacity of 80 guests and offers excellent, fresh fish of all kinds and good wine. The service is quick and friendly.
- Il Vicolo, Vico Schiaffino 14r, Sestri Ponente. Tel: . In a narrow pedestrian area of Via Sestri in the western suburb of Genoa Sestri Ponente near the airport (although parts of the airport can still be circumvented and a four-lane road and numerous railway tracks can be crossed; If you don't know the way, take a taxi). Simple, rustic furnishings, good cuisine, seating even in the green patio.
- Garibaldi, Via al Quattro di San Francesco 40 R. Tel: . The most trendy and expensive restaurant in Genoa is located in the city center. a reservation is required.
- Piazza delle Erbe: a small square in the Old Town with many bars (very close to Piazza De Ferrari, Piazze Dante or Porta Soprana). In the early evening, you will find chips, nuts and small cold appetizers for your drink (just have a look at what is on the neighboring tables).
- B&B Il Vico Genova, Vico del Dragone 4/6. Tel: . A recently renovated B&B in the center of Genoa, near the main tourist attractions (aquarium, historic palaces, cathedral, etc. ) and shops. Price: Single €60-90, double €80-120.
- Hotel Cairoli, Via Cairoli, 14. Tel: , Fax: +39 010 2467512. is located near the Museum of the Risorgimento, the Aquarium and the Old Port.
- Columbus Sea Hotel, Via Milano, 63 I-16125 Genova (GE) (in the center of Genoa, next to the Ferry Terminal, Air Terminal and the new shopping center). Tel: , e-mail: . - 80 rooms with air conditioning, hairdryer, TV, minibar, PC connection Price: U/F from 80,00 Euro.